Adult males also develop a nuchal hump on their head. Between 2006 and 2007, the number of cichlids increased significantly in sites such as Pontchartrain Lagoon, Bayou Metairie, and Marconi Lagoon.  The cichlid is not affected by high-energy wave events and pollution from outfall canals. The cichlid is known for its complex reproductive behavior with a long parental care period. However, despite this variation in breeding the Texas Cichlid is very easy to maintain because it is lax dietary and other requirements. They can be relocated from their parents during this time and they start swimming in a week or so. Siamese Algae Eater – Care, Feeding, Tank Mates & Details You Need! The diet has to be substituted with other components such as fish flesh, prawns, and mussels. , The cichlid has an omnivorous diet that consists of vegetable matter or detritus, often feasting on plants, insects, and smaller fish as well as fish eggs. It is not a difficult task to grow these small ones provided they are given ample food. When choosing the tank mates for the Texas cichlids, it must be kept in mind that these fish are quite aggressive and should only be kept with similar other large fish species which are capable enough of handling themselves. So basically, the red Texas cichlid is a combination of three different cichlid species.  No individual cichlid appears to maintain territory prior to mating. This is my male Texas cichlid roughly 6" with his fry. The body of this species is pearl-gray with blue- to green-hued scales that give the appearance of pearly iridescent speckles, giving it one of its common names of pearl cichlid. An adult male can measure 12″ (30cm). kept in a 125 planted aquarium. Your email address will not be published. At certain intervals, the female cichlid stops fanning the eggs and begins nipping at them. The fish, also known as Rio Grande cichlid, originates from the lower Rio Grande drainage in Texas near Brownsville and Northeastern Mexico. , The Texas cichlid is commonly found in the aquarium trade and became relatively popular in the 1980s with cichlid enthusiasts because of its iridescent blue and green markings. It is advisable to keep them with other cichlids, but every fish is different and sometimes a cichlid might be best left alone. The Texas Cichlid is generally dark brown colored however the color varies with mating differences as they can mate with other species. Your email address will not be published. The easiest job in taking care of the Texas cichlid is that being an omnivorous fish, it will eat almost anything.  Some of these studies have shown that this cichlid has spread into Bayou St. John and City Park. Myself William and I love aquarium fishes! Texas Cichlid (Rio Grande Cichlid) – Care, Size, Breeding, Tank Mates & Details! , Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, City Park Big Bass Fishing Rodeo & Fishtival, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T192895A15363273.en, "Rio Grande Cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatas)", Effects of interspecific competition, salinity, and hurricanes on the success of an invasive fish, the Rio Grande Cychlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus), http://blog.nola.com/new_orleans/2012/03/fishers_get_chance_to_combat_i.html, "Rio Grande cichlid Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum", http://invasive.btnep.org/oldcontent/invasivesinla/aquaticanimals/riograndecichlid.aspx, "WILD ABOUT TEXAS: Rio Grande Cichlid only variety native to the United States", "Rio Grande Cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus) - Species Profile", "Female and male Texas Cichlids (Herichthys Cyannoguttam) do not fight by the same rules", "City Park Big Bass Fishing Rodeo will help to combat an invasive species in local waterways", http://sports.espn.go.com/outdoors/tv/columns/story?columnist=sutton_keith&page=g_col_sutton_perch_electric-blue, https://www.tfhmagazine.com/articles/freshwater/the-texas-cichlid-herichthys-cyanoguttatus}, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Texas_cichlid&oldid=987299210, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This aggressiveness can occur in the form of tail beating and mouth wrestling.  Because of this, there is even a competition at the City Park Big Bass Fishing Rodeo & Fishtival to catch the most cichlids. The habitat requirements are excessive but manageable. Since the fish has a short mating cycle, it did not take long for the fish to make its way through the canal system and into Lake Pontchartrain.  During the egg stage, both parents alternate in the parental tasks, though males spend more time patrolling territory and females spend more time actively attending to the offspring by fanning the eggs. For Texas Cichlids will eat its children if it has to. In Louisiana, the fish has slowly taken over the waters of New Orleans.  Males then go to the eggs and excrete a seminal fluid onto the egg. Neon Tetra – Care, Size, Tank Mates, Lifespan & Details! All information, content, materials on this site, or obtained from a website to which the site is linked are provided to you “as is” without warranty of any kind either express or implied. The males are generally brighter in color as compared to the females and also grow larger. The fish has a particularly big head and largemouth.  Typically, the roles are exchanged, but this exchange becomes less frequent during the fry stage as both parents tend to stay with the young. The cichlid is a pioneer species that paves the way for other fish to invade, which has occurred in Six Mile Creek, Florida, and in the upper San Antonio River The actual effects of the cichlid on the environment are, at this point, unknown.  The fish is now a part of Herichthys, which is defined as cichlids that "share a color pattern of short vertical bars and black spots posteriorly from the middle of the side, and a unique breeding color pattern in which the dorsal half of the entire head and anterior flank region turns a pale grayish color in contrast to black or dark gray adjacent areas, or the entire body turns pale. The eggs will hatch after 3-5 days and the female fish will help the young one out. They are also avid substrate diggers so there needs to be a thick layer at the bottom of the tank. The average lifespan is about 10 years but some have been known to live up to 15 years. (2006). The mating habits of the cichlid are tied to the monogamous nature of the fish. If the courtship is successful, they will change the hind body color to black and the forepart to white. 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